26/zář/2014 – Táňa DluhošováVeřejná přednáška

Přednáška v Brně I: Prof. Chu-ren Huang (Hong Kong Polytech University), 20. října, 2014

 

Prof. Chu-ren Huang (Hong Kong Polytech University):

“How to Make Sense of Chinese Characters? From practical knowledge of the world to language as a system of knowledge”

 

Místo: Zasedací místnost, Budova C, Filozofická fakulta, MU (Arne Nováka 1)

Čas: 10:50

 

Abstrakt:

One of the most fascinating elements of the Chinese language and culture is the Chinese character writing system. On one hand, these Chinese characters are so difficult to learn to read and write. On the other hand, the character system is also so robust such that it allows modern Chinese people to read text from more than two thousand years ago without much difficulty and allow unrelated and mutually unintelligible languages to use the same writing system and understand each other (e.g. Japanese and Chinese, not to mention the many Sinitic languages). I will start by unwrapping the mystery of why a big fat sheep is beautiful (美’beauty’ is the top-down concatenation of羊 ‘sheep’ and大’big’). Based on the Chinese character system described in ShuoWenJieZi, we will clearly show that the reason why the Chinese character system is thought to be irregular is because it is mistakenly thought to be taxonomic. Instead, the Chinese character system is a conceptual system which organizes the shared knowledge according to basic concepts. And the concepts are not only organized by forms or material of object described but also through the shared knowledge of how things are produced or used (i.e. the agentive and telic qualia of Aristotle).

Výběr z literatury:

Huang, C.-R. and S.-K. Hsieh. In print. Chinese Lexical Semantics: From Radicals to Event Structure. In William S.-Y. Wang and Chaofen Sun. Eds. The Oxford Handbook on Chinese Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Huang, C.-R., J.-F. Hong, S.-y. Chen, and Y.-M. Chou. 2013. 汉字所表达的知识系统:意符为基本概念导向的事件结构.《当代语言学》. 2013.3.

Huang, C.-R., Y.-J. Yang, and S.-Y. Chen. 2013. Radicals as Ontologies: Concept Derivation and Knowledge Representation of Four-Hoofed Mammals as Semantic Symbols. In H. Chappell, R. Djamouri, and T. Wiebusch Eds. Breaking down the barriers: interdisciplinary studies in Chinese linguistics and beyond. A Festschrift for Professor Alain Peyraube. 1117-1133. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics. Academia Sinica.

Chou, Y.-M. and C.-R. Huang. 2010. Hantology: conceptual system discovery based on orthographic convention. C.-R. Huang, N. Calzolari, A. Gangemi, A. Lenci, A. Oltramari, L. Prevot Eds. Ontology and the Lexicon. Pp. 122-143. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Čínské digitální zdroje

 

 

Tato přednáška je sponzorovaná projektem CHINET, který je financován Evropským strukturálním fondem a rozpočtem ČR.

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